Camera connectors

So far, I've come across only two cameras that had reverse polarity protection, and that's still no guarantee of complete protection, especially if the protection circuit gets damaged through repeated abuse.  Always check power wiring, and that connectors have not been forced in the wrong way.  Particularly CCJ connectors, where the locating pin/notch may have damaged, and batteries with spade terminals.

Also, do not grind connectors around trying to fit them into the socket, use your eyes and align them properly before connecting.  You will break pins, sockets, loosen backshells, and then break off wiring inside.

CCF

A 6-pin DIN cabling scheme used by Sony in the 1960s/1970s.

  1. Video input
  2. Vertical sync out (4 volts peak-to-peak)
  3. Shield for pin 2
  4. Sync clip
  5. Horizontal sync (4 volts peak-to-peak)
  6. Shield for pin 1

You may find pins 3, 4, & 6 all grounded together (they are in the Sony SEG-2000P vision mixer), and that pins 2 & 5 mayn't be using shielded wiring.  I haven't found any definition of what Sony called “sync clip.”


CCJ

connector diagram

A 10-pin connector cabling used by Sony, and other manufacturers in the 1960s/1970s.  I could guess that the name might represent Camera Cable type J, as there are several CCx camera cable names (for different camera cable types).

There are many variations on what signals go on what pins, but this is the original CCJ wiring scheme:

  1. Video coax core (largest coax)
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. Shielded wire
  4. Shield for pins 3 and 5
  5. Coax core (thinner coax)
  6. Unshielded wire
  7. Shielded wire
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Ground wire
  10. Unshielded wire

All shields are isolated from each other, other than the two that join on pin 4.  There may be a shield around all the wiring in the cable, this may be joined to the pin 9 ground.  Many newer cameras don't use all the pins, and may use some of the pins with unshielded wiring.

Common black and white portapak camera wiring

A 1970s B&W Panasonic WV-85, and many others, used this wiring.  Although there's plenty of other variations.

  1. Camera video
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. Vertical sync
  4. Shield for pins 3 and 5
  5. Horizontal sync
  6. Record stop/start
  7. Camera audio
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC

The microphone is usually amplified, but still at the usual microphone levels.  VTR playback re-uses pin 1, with a few volts DC on top (as a mode switching signal).

Common colour portapak camera wiring

  1. Camera video
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. unused, or used various different purposes
  4. Shield for pins 3 and 5
  5. Right channel audio (on stereo cameras)
  6. Record stop/start
  7. Camera audio (left channel on stereo cameras)
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC

The microphone is usually amplified, but still at the usual microphone levels.  VTR playback re-uses pin 1, with a few volts DC on top (as a mode switching signal).

Various 1980s/1990s Panasonic colour portapak camera wiring

  1. Camera video
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. Serial data
  4. Serial clock
  5. Standby (steady +5v or 0v)
  6. Record stop/start (momentary +9v/0v)
  7. Camera audio
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC

The microphone is usually amplified, but still at the usual microphone levels.  VTR playback re-uses pin 1, with a few volts DC on top (as a mode switching signal).

A JVC colour portapak camera wiring

  1. Camera video
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. Line view / tape playback
  4. Shield for pins 3 and 5
  5. Audio return / tape playback & standby voltage
  6. Record stop/start
  7. Camera audio
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC

The microphone is amplified, but still at the usual microphone levels.  A DC voltage placed on pin 5, by a switch on the camera, puts the VTR into standby mode.

Panasonic WV-341N B&W camera wiring, 1970s vintage

  1. Camera video
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. Vertical sync
  4. Shield for pins 3 and 5
  5. Horizontal sync
  6. Tally lamp
  7. Intercom audio (tip)
  8. Intercom audio (ring)
  9. Line view video
  10. Tally lamp

Two 24 volt tally lamps are directly wired across pins 6 & 10, the top and rear tally lamps, in parallel.  The intercom line is wired directly to the tip and ring of the ¼ inch TRS jack, with a 3 volt (if I recall correctly) baristor from tip to sleeve.  The intercom is totally isolated from the rest of the camera, ground, and the chassis.  The intercom headset has a 35Ω carbon mike between tip and sleeve, and a 160Ω earpiece between ring and sleeve.  The camera is separately mains powered.

Panasonic WV-3200N single-tube colour camera, 1980s vintage

  1. Camera video / playback video (with +5 volts DC on top)
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. Not connected
  4. Grounded
  5. +3.2 volts standby / 0 volts operate
  6. Record (+5 volts) start / stop (0 volts)
  7. Camera audio
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC

Directly usable with the NV-100 portapak VCR.

Panasonic NV100 portable VCR, 1980s vintage

  1. Camera video / playback video (with +5 volts DC on top)
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. +4 volts
  4. Grounded
  5. +3.2 volts standby / 0 volts operate
  6. Record (+5 volts) start / stop (0 volts)
  7. Camera audio
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC

If video is present on pin 1, record/pause control is from the camera.  Otherwise, the pause button on the VTR is used.

Panasonic WV-3600N single-tube colour camera, 1980s vintage

  1. Camera video
  2. Shield for pin 1
  3. Line view video, and tally signal (DC added to the video)
  4. Shield for pins 3 and 5
  5. Genlock video in RCU mode, something else (but unknown) in VTR mode
  6. Pedestal control in RCU mode, record start/stop in VTR mode
  7. Presumed intercom in RCU mode, and camera audio in VTR mode
  8. Shield for pin 7
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC

Directly usable with the NV-100 portapak VCR.


Panasonic WV-F15 single-CCD colour camera, 1990s

Camera head 10-pin VTR connector

connector diagram
  1. Camera video out
  2. Shield for camera video
  3. VTR serial data in
  4. VTR serial clock in
  5. Right audio out
  6. Record start/stop
  7. Left audio out
  8. Shield for audio signals
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC supply

There is a custom 10-pin connector on the camera head, leading to a standard CCJ style plug on the other end of the cable.  The cables are wired pin for pin (pin 1 to pin 1, pin 2 to pin 2, et cetera).  The camera can (supposedly) be run from 12 volts DC up to about 20 volts, it's internally regulated.  Though I'd only use such high voltage through long video cables, where the some of the voltage will be lost through the cable.

Camera head 14-pin VTR connector

connector diagram
  1. Ground
  2. +12 volts DC supply
  3. Left audio out
  4. Audio ground
  5. Audio ground
  6. Camera video out
  7. Return video in (only works when the side-panel power switch is on 14-pin mode, and the “ret” button is pressed at the front of the camera)
  8. Ground
  9. Ground
  10. VTR serial data in
  11. Chroma out (when the side-panel 14-pin switch is on Y/C mode)
  12. VTR warning in (battery/tape)
  13. Record stop/start
  14. Return audio **

This is a custom connector (and wiring) for this, and (perhaps) some other Panasonic cameras.

WV-AD36 genlock back end

  1. Camera video
  2. Shield for camera video
  3. (pin omitted)
  4. Shield for genlock video
  5. Genlock video
  6. (pin omitted)
  7. Audio from camera microphone
  8. Shield for audio
  9. Power ground
  10. +12 volts DC supply

This is a custom 10-pin connector on the back of this device (the same connector type as the 10-pin VTR connector, on the head, but it's wired up differently).  It may lead to another custom 10-pin connector, or to a common CCJ connector, I haven't seen the cable.  The cables are wired pin for pin (pin 1 to pin 1, pin 2 to pin 2, et cetera).  The genlock back-end won't work unless it's powered through its own 4-pin or 10-pin connector.  The VTR connectors, on the side of the camera, won't power the circuitry in the back end.

WV-AD37 studio RCU adaptor back end
and on the WV-RC35 CCU

  1. supply ground (connected to a shield around all the wires)
  2. supply +12 volts DC (heavy gauge wire)
  3. intercom to camera (part of a two-core shielded cable)
  4. intercom from camera (part of a two-core shielded cable)
  5. shield for pins 3, 4 & 14
  6. video from camera (coaxial wiring)
  7. shield for pin 6
  8. shield for pin 9 & 11
  9. line view video to camera (coaxial wiring)
  10. serial CCU data to camera (single insulated wire)
  11. genlock video to camera (coaxial wiring)
  12. serial CCU clock to camera (single insulated wire)
  13. horizontal phase DC control voltage (single insulated wire)
  14. coarse subcarrier phase DC control voltage (shielded wiring)

This uses a plastic 14-pin connector, the same physical connector as the K connector (or CCK) on the old domestic Betamax/Betacord decks, but with the pins used for completely different purposes.  Panasonic used the same connector, for their 14C-30 (30 foot) and 14C-100 (100 foot) camera cables, for a variety of Panasonic cameras, using the same cable wiring for different functions in different cameras (the cables are compatible, but you can't cross-connect mismatching equipment).


CCK

connector diagram

A 14-pin connector cabling used by Sony, and other manufacturers in the 1970s.  Be aware that several different cameras use the pins for completely different purposes, and that you should only connect equipment together that were designed to be connected together (see the WV-AD37 back end, above, for an example, as well as the ones below).  The connectors, often, have + and − stamped on them instead of pins 13 and 14, which tallies with Sony's use of putting the power supply on those pins of the connector.

Panasonic

This is the wiring in generic 14C-30/14C-100 CCK cables made by Panasonic, used with various different Panasonic cameras.  It doesn't look compatible with general CCK usage (there are thin wires in the Pansaonic cable where there'd be heavy-duty power wires in a Sony cable).

  1. Overall cable shield (15 gauge)
  2. insulated wire (18 gauge)
  3. two core shielded (28 gauge)
  4. two core shielded (28 gauge)
  5. shield for pins 3 & 4 (20 gauge)
  6. coax (28 gauge)
  7. shield for pin 6 (22 gauge)
  8. shields for pins 9 & 11 (18 gauge)
  9. coax (28 gauge)
  10. insulated wire (28 gauge)
  11. coax (28 gauge)
  12. insulated wire (28 gauge)
  13. insulated wire (28 gauge)
  14. shielded wire (28 gauge) [shield goes to pin 5]

A Sony Betamax/Betacord camera pinout

  1. Camera video out
  2. Ground for pin 1
  3. Video in (e.g. for recorder monitoring)
  4. Ground for pin 3
  5. Pause (momentary ground closure)
  6. Tally input (+5 volts active)
  7. Camera channel 2 audio out
  8. Record review playback trigger
  9. Camera channal 1 audio out
  10. Audio ground (for pins 7, 9, 11 & 12)
  11. Audio channel 1 in (e.g. recorder monitoring)
  12. Audio channel 2 in
  13. +12 volt power
  14. Power ground

Panasonic WV-RC33 CCU
& WV-AD33 back end for (unknown) camera

  1. Ground
  2. +17 volts power supply
  3. RCU intercom (to camera) / VTR audio (dual use)
  4. RCU intercom (from camera)
  5. Ground for pins 3 & 4
  6. Camera video
  7. Ground for pin 6
  8. Ground for pins 9 & 11
  9. Line view / return video (dual use)
  10. RCU DC control
  11. Genlock video
  12. RCU serial data / VTR serial clock (dual use)
  13. +17 volt (270Ω resistor to pin 2 in back end, pins directly wired together in CCU)
  14. RCU character out (for superimposing camera OSD on a CCU video out)

Taken from the service manual for these devices, which has conflicting information about pins 13 and 14 being the other way around, in different places in the manual.  I'd check for which pin (13 or 14) links back to pin 2 (directly, or through a resistor).


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